Saturday, 23 May 2015

4. Dowry system

Marriage is such a happy occasion that everyone looks forward to it. But it is shame that the dowry system widely prevalent in India mars the happiness of this occasion in many cases.
Since ancient time, the parents of the bride have indulged willingly in the practice of giving money and gifts at her wedding as a token. The serious form of dowry system in India had developed into a full-fledged bargaining today and became the main issue of a girl's marriage whereas all other considerations of much more real value and importance like girl's family background, qualification, merits, etc. are altogether set aside. Due to varying reasons such as status of boy's family, qualification, merits, etc., the increasing demand made by the boy's parents, resulting into very late marriage , suicides by the brides or death due to bride-burning.
It is high time the present generation, young boys and girls as well as the society opposed this system and stood up for equality of both sexes to remove the blot of dowry system from the face of our society.
Dowry is a good  custom and practice for those who can afford it.
But for the poor it is a curse. The government has enacted many laws to check its misuse. Officially speaking, no parent or family can demand dowry. (that means,to give and take dowry is a punishable crime.) But still it continues to cast its boneful grip on society.
legal provision -
In 2010, 8,391 dowry-related murders or suicides were reported across India. So govenment enated so many laws and order and some provisions are also available in IPC.
Section 2 of the Dowry Prohibition Act 1961 defines “dowry” as any property or valuable security given or agreed to be given either directly or indirectly.(wikipedia)
The Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961 prohibits the request, payment or acceptance of a dowry "as consideration for the marriage", where "dowry" is defined as a gift demanded or given as a precondition for a marriage. Gifts given without a precondition are not considered dowry, and are legal, per section 3(2). Asking for or giving of dowry can be punished by imprisonment of up to six months, a fine of up to Rs. 15000 or the amount of dowry (whichever is higher), or imprisonment up to 5 years. It replaced several pieces of anti-dowry legislation that had been enacted by various Indian states.
section 406,304B,498A also say something about dowry and punishment.
conclusion -
The young men n young women should rise to face this malady and root it completely. Mere laws cannot wipe out this slur on fair name of Mother India where the women occupy a place of pride. Education has already weakened its vicious hold. More and more voluntary organisations should come forward to better the lot of women in India. And the removal of dowry system should be the top on the agenda of social reform both in cities and in villages.
          by - Ishita shah